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Croeso ir Hynyfiaid Bwlchgwyn...

Minerahistory.Com - The 'Premier' websites for local ancestral research.


Sited at just under 1100ft above sea level, Bwlchgwyn (english trans. 'white pass') is reputed to be the 'highest village in Wales'.

Welcome to Bwlchgwyn Ancestry...

Prior to 1851, Bwlchgwyn did not resemble a village as we know it today. It was then an agricultural area consisting of only a scattering of farms. The Industrial Age of the 19th century however, was to change this area as it changed so many others across the country. The mineral wealth which lay under this area was to be exploited  to an enormous extent, which would see many men with their families in tow travel to this area in search of employment, and a community was created.

Many 'sub-area's' namely, Maes Maelor, Nant-y-ffrith, Glascoed & Pentre Saeson, are included within the descriptive name and area of the village 'Bwlchgwyn'. Pentre Saeson (translated. 'english village') was an initial congregational point for the influx of english miners and their families who worked the coal mines that flourished within this particular area. To the north and west of the village, lead mining was a main activity. The 20th century was to witness Silica stone being the most sought after resource. Indeed, in 1954 Bwlchgwyn was very close to being 'no more'  as the Bwlchgwyn Silica Company applied to quarry 'into' the village following the national rise in demand for silica. The application was turned down and the company eventually ceased to operate.

The Romans too, were once residents of the village. A small roman fort stood on the highest point of the village. Remains of this have sadly all been lost following the quarrying. A main roman route passed through here from Ffrith, along what is now Cefn road, top of Brymbo road and up Fronheulog hill and over to the old Ruthin road which traverses Llandegla moors. Another route branched from where now stands the Kings Head Inn, and travelled in a route which is now Stryt Maelor, (over A525) down Nant Road, and up the valley towards Rhydtalog. It is known the romans worked the shallow lead veins of the Eisteddfod, with the small fort possibly being a base for these operations.

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